A speech-language pathologist can complete an assessment and intervention as needed for difficulties related to resonance and/or Velopharyngeal Dysfunction (VPD). VPD occurs when the soft palate and the muscles of the throat do not come together tightly and close as needed when speaking. When this happens, speech can sound hypernasal (the resonance is “too nasal”) and air can escape out of the nose at the wrong time when talking. VPD can also affect how children learn speech sounds. VPD can occur in children with repaired cleft palates, submucous cleft palate, and with various syndromes including 22q11,2 deletion syndrome. As well, it can happen after an adenoidectomy or in children who have weak throat and/or palate muscles.
Other types of resonance difficulties exist and include hyponasality (the resonance sounds like the nose is always stuffed up) or cul-de-sac (the resonance sounds muffled). These resonance problems can occur in children with large tonsils and/or adenoids or with craniofacial differences.
In many circumstances, the speech-language pathologist will work with the otorhinolaryngologist (ORL) as part of our specialized clinic called the “Velopharyngeal Dysfunction Clinic”.
How to Refer for an Assessment of Velopharyngeal Dysfunction or Resonance Disorder:
Department email to [email protected]
Useful Links :
Voir la section «Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Differences »Velopharyngeal Dysfunction - Kidshealth.orghttps://www.chop.edu/conditions-diseases/velopharyngeal-dysfunction